Implementing a REBOA program outside of the ivory tower: initial case series and lessons learned at a community trauma center.
Background: REBOA has become an established adjunct to hemorrhage control. Prospective data sets are being collected, primarily from large, high volume trauma centers. There are limited data, and guidelines, to guide implementation and use outside of highly resourced environments. Smaller centers interested in adopting a REBOA program could benefit from closing this knowledge gap.
Methods: A clinical series of cases utilizing REBOA from Grand Strand Medical Center, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina were reviewed. This represents early data from a busy community trauma center (ACS Level 2), from January 2017 to May 2018.
Seven cases are identified and reported on, including outcomes. Considerations and ‘lessons learned’ from this early institutional experience are commented on.
Results: REBOA was performed by trauma and acute care surgeons for hemorrhage and shock (blunt trauma n=3, penetrating trauma n=2, no- trauma n=2). All were placed in Zone 1 (one initially was placed in zone 3 then advanced). Mean (SD) systolic pressure (mmHg) before REBOA was 43 (30); post REBOA pressure was 104 (19). N=4 were placed via an open approach, n=3 percutaneous (n=2 with ultrasound). All with arrest before placement expired (n=3) and all others survived. Complications are described.
Conclusions: REBOA can be a feasible adjunct for shock treatment in the community hospital environment, with outcomes comparable to large centers, and can be implemented by acute care and trauma surgeons. A rigorous process improvement program and critical appraisal process are critical in maximizing benefit in these centers.