REBOA and the Open Abdomen
Keywords:REBOA , Open abdomen , Partial inflation
Uncontrolled hemorrhage is a significant cause of death worldwide. Rapid bleeding control is a major life saving goal.
Resuscitative endovascular balloon of the aorta (REBOA) is a minimally invasive technique which temporarily occludes the aorta and achieves hemorrhage control.
We present a case series of patients that underwent emergent laparotomy due hemorrhagic shock and were stabilized intraoperatively using REBOA
Between December 2018- September 2021, intra operative REBOA was inserted in six patients. Etiologies included two postpartum hemorrhages, two gastrointestinal bleeds and two trauma cases.
REBOA was positioned and inflated in descending aorta [n = 3] and infra abdominal aorta [n =3].
In all cases, REBOA resulted in immediate stabilization of blood pressure enabling definitive treatment. Partial inflation was performed in all cases after initial stabilization.
There was one minor access related complication, treated successfully. No mortality at six months follow up.
REBOA is another important resuscitative tool to be considered, also in the open abdomen. It allows for hemodynamic stabilization and enables definitive surgical repair of other major injuries.